About me

In 2010 I made the decision to follow a career path dedicated to peace building and conflict resolution, resulting in enlistment at the Royal Netherlands Navy in 2012. Currently, I am specializing into conflict resolution at Radboud University's Center for International Conflict -  Analyses and Managment. Since July 2015 I have been working part time at Radboud University as faculty advisor for the course United Nations and Multilateral Diplomacy and currently as a research assistant at the Center for International Conflict -  Analyses and Managment. In February 2016 I started my own consultancy and training bureau "Pantheon". Focussing on teaching skills needed to act within the international setting (Public Speaking, Negotiation, Etiquette, Protocol) as well as offering consultation on maritime and defense issues.

The early democractizors

By G.L.J. Jacobs on 2016-03-22 in Topics,

Here we are talking about: the United States, the United Kingdom, and France

The first wave of democratization was the United States
The event of course was the American Revolution

See also: Alex De Tocqueville: Democracy in America
He wrote about democracy in America at this time; 
civil society
about associationalism

England is also seen as an early democratizer
Civil War of 1640-9
- already constitutional constraints on the monarch
- powers were already in the house of commons, and in the unelected house of lords

No electoral democracy by contemporary standards
- politics was corrupt
- property restrictions were high,
- skewed to the rural areas, i.e.. the landed aristocracy 

In the 19th century, these institutional context and the economic context were also coupled with a series of reform acts:
- 1867 Reform Act (enfranchised cities and boroughs)
- 1884 (extension of enfranchise)
- 1911 (more constraints on the house of lords) 

Besides the two Anglo countries: France
Revolution in the US (break) 
Continuity in England (gradual change)
Series of breaks and continuity in France
France five republics to today: two since the second world war
The French Revolution was of course important for France and for Europe 

Other countries in Europe
Smaller countries, Netherlands, Scandinavian countries
Larger European countries:
Germany late unification: 1871